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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Brown Creeper (Certhia americana)




Brown Creeper | Certhia americana photo
Brown Creeper, Brunette Headwaters Trail, Burnaby Lake Regional Park, Burnaby, British Columbia

Photograph by Alan And Elaine Wilson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

BROWN CREEPER FACTS

Description
Brown creepers are the only treecreepers in North America. They are dark brown above with heavily streaked white markings on the head, shoulders, back and wings. They have a brown stripe through the eye and a white stripe above the eye. The underside is white with some light red and brown tinge. The tail is long and stiff, and tail feathers are used as a prop as the bird moves around the trunks of trees. Male and female brown creepers are similar. Males have a longer bill than females

Size
length 11.7cm - 13.5cm.

Environment
coniferous forests, mixed coniferous sand deciduous forests.

Food
small invertebrates such as spiders and insects. Also eats some seeds and other plant matter during winter when insects are harder to find.

Breeding
The female builds a nest and usually places it between the trunk and loose piece of bark on a dead or dying tree. The nest is lined with feathers and bark. The female lays 3 to 7 eggs which hatch after incubation of 13 to 17 days.

Range
found throughout North America from Canada and Alaska to as far south as northern Nicaragua in South America.

Classification
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Certhiidae
Genus:Certhia
Species:americana
Common Name:Brown Creeper