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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus)




Cactus Wren | Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus photo
Cactus Wren, Martin Homestead Refuge, Edinburg, Texas

Photograph by Alan And Elaine Wilson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Cactus Wren | Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus photo
Cactus Wren, Anza Borrego Desert State Park, Borrego Springs, California

Photograph by Alan And Elaine Wilson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

CACTUS WREN FACTS

Description
The Cactus Wren is a large wren. The head has brown crown, white stripe over the eye and brown through the eye. The back is gray brown with black and white streaks. The throat is dark. The underside and sides are white or buff brown with brown spots. The wings and tail feathers are black with white barring. The legs and bill are grayish. Males and females are similar. Juvenile birds have are similar to adults bit have less prominent chest spots. Males and females are similar.

Size
length 18cm - 23cm

Environment
arid desert with cacti and shrubs, arid hillsides, gardens with native desert plants.

Food
eats insects. Also some seeds and fruit

Breeding
Builds a large spherical nest out of dry grass lined with feathers. Nests has a narrow side entrance. Lays four or five buff colored eggs, speckled with brown. Eggs hatch after about 16 days.

Range
The Cactus Wren is found in south western United States in southern California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Texas. Also northern and central Mexico

Classification
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Troglodytidae
Genus:Campylorhynchus
Species:brunneicapillus
Common Name:Cactus Wren