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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects
Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope)
Photograph by Michael Woodruff from Spokane, Washington. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
Calliope Hummingbird female feeding two chicks
Photograph by Wolfgang Wander. GNU Free Documentation License. (view image details)
CALLIOPE HUMMINGBIRD FACTSDescription
The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest bird in North America. It has glossy green back and head with white underparts. The male has wine-red coloured streaks on the throat and a dark tail. Females and immature birds have whitish throat with dark streaks, a pink wash on the flanks, and a dark tail with white tip.
open woodland, shrubland. Usually found at higher altitudes,
feed on nectar from flowers using their long extendable tongue. They also drink sap from holes made by sapsuckers, and catch insects on the wing.
The female builds an open cup-shaped nest under an overhanging conifer branch.
western North America from southern British Columbia and Alberta south to Colorado and southern California. Most birds migrate to south western Mexico in winter.