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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope)




Calliope Hummingbird | Stellula calliope photo
Calliope Hummingbird

Photograph by Michael Woodruff from Spokane, Washington. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Calliope Hummingbird | Stellula calliope photo
Calliope Hummingbird female feeding two chicks

Photograph by Wolfgang Wander. GNU Free Documentation License.  (view image details)

CALLIOPE HUMMINGBIRD FACTS

Description
The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest bird in North America. It has glossy green back and head with white underparts. The male has wine-red coloured streaks on the throat and a dark tail. Females and immature birds have whitish throat with dark streaks, a pink wash on the flanks, and a dark tail with white tip.

Size
9cm

Environment
open woodland, shrubland. Usually found at higher altitudes,

Food
feed on nectar from flowers using their long extendable tongue. They also drink sap from holes made by sapsuckers, and catch insects on the wing.

Breeding
The female builds an open cup-shaped nest under an overhanging conifer branch.

Range
western North America from southern British Columbia and Alberta south to Colorado and southern California. Most birds migrate to south western Mexico in winter.

Classification
Class:Aves
Order:Apodiformes
Family:Trochilidae
Genus:Stellula
Species:calliope
Common Name:Calliope Hummingbird