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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)




Northern Bobwhite | Colinus virginianus photo
Northern Bobwhite (Female), Ramirez Ranch, Near Roma, Texas

Photograph by Alan And Elaine Wilson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

NORTHERN BOBWHITE FACTS

Description
The Northern Bobwhite is a medium sized quail. It has a rounded body, short tail, round head with short crest. The body is reddish brown, black and white in a cryptic scaly pattern. The male has white stripe above eye and white throat, with black patch behind the eye. The female has buff stripe above eye, and buff throat. Juveniles are similar to females but duller.

Size
length 20cm - 24cm

Environment
pastures, roadsides, farmlands, open woodlands.

Food
seeds, fruit, insects, plant shoots

Breeding
Northern bobwhite nest in a shallow depression on the ground. Lays a clutch of 14 - 16 white eggs which hatch after incubation of 23 days

Range
The Northern Bobwhite is found in southern Ontario, most of the eastern half of the United States, and western Mexico. Also introduced in Pacific north west states, Caribbean, Hawaii, New Zealand, Europe, and China.

Conservation Status
The conservation status in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals is "near threatened".

Classification
Class:Aves
Order:Galliformes
Family:Odontophoridae
Genus:Colinus
Species:virginianus
Common Name:Northern Bobwhite