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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)




Ruffed Grouse | Bonasa umbellus photo
Ruffed Grouse, Horsefly Peninsula, Quesnel Lake, British Columbia

Photograph by Alan And Elaine Wilson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Ruffed Grouse | Bonasa umbellus photo
Ruffed Grouse, Horsefly Peninsula, Quesnel Lake, British Columbia

Photograph by Alan And Elaine Wilson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

RUFFED GROUSE FACTS

Description
The Ruffed Grouse is a stocky chicken-shaped bird. The male has a large dark neck ruff and crest, with two or more white spots on the rump feathers. The female has smaller crest and ruff, and only a single spot on the rump feathers. The plumage is mottled gray and brown with dark and light spots. The legs are well feathered.

Size
length 40cm - 50cm

Environment
woodlands, deciduous forests, forest clearings.

Food
Buds, leaves, ferns, fruit, acorns. Also some insects.

Breeding
The nest is shallow bowl in fallen vegetation on the ground, usually placed at base of a tree or rock. Lays seven to sixteen creamy buff eggs. (Eggs may have some reddish spots).

Range
central Alaska, most of Canada except the arctic regions, north western United States to Utah and northern California. Also found in eastern United States from New York state down to northern Alabama.

Classification
Class:Aves
Order:Galliformes
Family:Phasianidae
Genus:Bonasa
Species:umbellus
Common Name:Ruffed Grouse