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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects
Black-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus californicus)
Black-tailed Jackrabbit eating berries, Kodachrome Basin State Park, Utah
Photograph by James Phelps . Some rights reserved. (view image details)
Black-tailed Jackrabbit, Texas
Photograph by pschemp. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
BLACK-TAILED JACKRABBIT FACTSDescription
Black-tailed jackrabbits are hares with very long ears and long lanky legs. The fur is dark brown flecked with black, and has a black stripe down the center of the back and a black rump patch. The underside of the body is white, also the inside of the legs is white. The tail is black above and white or gray underneath.
Length: 47 - 63 cm. Tail: 5 - 11cm. Ears: 10-13 cm long. Weight: 1.3 - 3.1 kg.
desert scrubland, prairies, farmlands, sand dunes.
Grasses and herbaceous plants. In winter they also eat twigs, bark, sagebrush and cacti.
Females produce 3 or 4 litters annually. One to six leverets (usually 3 or 4) are born after a gestation period of 41-47 days. The leverets are born fully-furred and open-eyed, and are weaned after 14 - 21 days.
southwestern United States into Mexico from California in the west to Missouri in the east, and north into Washington, Idaho, Colorado and Nebraska. Also Baja California, Mexico.