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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects
Cougar (Puma concolor)
A young cougar at Portland Zoo, Oregon.
Photograph by Chuq Von Rospach. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
Close-up of Cougar face, taken at Como Zoo, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Photograph by Josh More. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
Cougar at Columbia Falls, Montana.
Photograph by G Dan Hutcheson. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
The Cougar is a large, slender cat with short fur. Color ranges from yellow brown to grayish brown on the upper parts, with pale underside and white chest and throat. The nose is pink with black border. The tail is long with black tip. It has relatively short strong legs.
Length: males 1.0m-1.5m; females 0.85m-1.3m. Tail length 63cm - 93cm. Weight: average 62kg for males and 42kg for females.
coniferous forests, lowland tropical forests, grassland, dry brush country, swamps. Needs areas of dense vegetation or rock crevices for shelter.
large mammals such as moose, elk, deer. Also eats smaller mammals such as squirrels, muskrat, beaver, raccoon, birds. Sometimes preys on domestic animals such as poultry, sheep, goats.
Average litter is 3 - 4 cubs, but may be up to 6 in litter. Cubs are born after gestation period of 82 - 96 days. Birth weight: 225g - 450g . Cubs are fully weaned at about 40 days of age. The cubs remain with their mother for about 15 months.
The conservation status in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals is "near threatened".
Relatives in same Genus
Jaguarundi (P. yaguarondi)
Wild Cats of the World
Did you know there are about 40 species of wild cats in the world. You can see most of them at www.wotcat.com