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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects
Ermine (Mustela erminea)
Vallone Piantonetto - Italy
Photograph by Fabio Bretto. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
The Ermine is a kind of weasel with long slender body, short legs, long neck with triangular head. It has black eyes and rounded ears. In summer, the fur is brown above and creamy white underneath. In winter the fur is white with a black tip at the end of the tail. Ermine can climb trees and swim.
Body length: 17cm - 33cm. Tail length 4cm - 12cm. Males are much larger than females. Weight: males 67g -116g; females 25g - 80g.
woodlands, marshes, open areas next to forests. They use tree hollows, logs, rock crevices and rodent burrows for dens.
Mainly small mammals such as rabbits and small rodents. Also eats birds, eggs, frogs, fish, and insects
Three to eighteen young (average four to nine) are born April or May after an gestation period of about 280 days. Young are blind and helpless at birth and covered with white hair. Average life span of an Ermine is 1 to 2 years
north temperate regions of Europe, Asia and in North America from the Arctic Ocean and down into the northern United States.
Relatives in same Genus
Long-tailed Weasel (M. frenata)
Black-footed Ferret (M. nigripes)
Least Weasel (M. nivalis)
American Mink (M. vison)