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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Muskox (Ovibos moschatus)




Muskox | Ovibos moschatus photo
Muskox

Photograph by ra64. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Muskox | Ovibos moschatus photo
Muskox

Photograph by Jo Keller, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. License: Public Domain.  (view image details)

Muskox | Ovibos moschatus photo
Muskox in Alaska travel through the snow looking for food.

Photograph by Jerry L Hout, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. License: Public Domain.  (view image details)

MUSKOX FACTS

Description
The Muskox has stocky body with short legs and long thick hair to protect it from the cold. The hair can grow nearly to the ground in older specimens. Both male and female have cream colored horns with black tips. The horns meet at the center of the head and curve down round the side of the head. The coat is brown with patch of lighter hair on the back.

Size
Head and body length is 1.3m - 2.0m. They grow to about 1.2m tall at the shoulder.

Environment
lives in the Arctic tundra north of the tree line.

Food
In the summer they eat grasses, leafy plants, sedges, mosses, shrubs, herbs. In the winter months when food is harder to come by, they eat willow, dwarf birch stems, roots, mosses, lichen.

Breeding
single calf is born after gestation of about 8 months. Calves are weaned after 10-12 months although they start eating adult food after a few weeks.

Range
Found around the Arctic in Canada, Alaska, Greenland. Has also been reintroduced to Russia, Norway and Siberia.

Classification
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Bovidae
Genus:Ovibos
Species:moschatus
Common Name:Muskox