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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)




Red Squirrel | Tamiasciurus hudsonicus photo
Red Squirrel. Lower Saint Lawrence, Quebec, Canada

Photograph by Gilles Gonthier. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Red Squirrel | Tamiasciurus hudsonicus photo
Red Squirrel

Photograph by Gilles Gonthier. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Red Squirrel | Tamiasciurus hudsonicus photo
Red Squirrel photographed at Wood Lake Nature Center - Richfield, Minnesota.

Photograph by Derek Bakken. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

RED SQUIRREL FACTS

Description
The Red Squirrel is variable in color across its range. The fur is usually brown or olive-red on the back and white or cream on the underside. The summer coat has a black stripe running along the side separating the back color from the paler belly. The tail is usually edged with white. There are white bands around the black eyes. The tail is not as thick or bushy as some other North American squirrels. They have strong claws and strong hind legs for climbing.

Size
Length: 28cm - 35cm (including tail). Tail length: 10cm - 15cm. Weight: 140g - 250g (average about 200g)

Environment
coniferous forest, deciduous and mixed forests, well treed suburban areas

Food
Red squirrels eat a wide range of foods including seeds, fruit, nuts, bark, buds, fungi, insects. Occasionally eat birds eggs and young birds, young mice. Preferred food is conifer seeds.

Breeding
One to eight young (average five) are born in a den or tree hollow after a gestation period of 33- 35 days. Young are born blind and without hair. They are weaned after 7 - 8 weeks.

Range
Alaska and Canada except the far northern arctic areas. North east United States, Appalachian states, Rocky Mountains.

Classification
Class:Mammalia
Order:Rodentia
Family:Sciuridae
Genus:Tamiasciurus
Species:hudsonicus
Common Name:Red Squirrel


Relatives in same Genus
  Douglas' Squirrel (T. douglasii)