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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Coast Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans terrestris)




Coast Garter Snake | Thamnophis elegans-terrestris photo
Coast Garter Snake

Photograph by Steve Jurvetson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

COAST GARTER SNAKE FACTS

Description
The Coast Garter Snake is a slender snake. It is variable in color and pattern, It usually has a yellow stripe along the back and white, yellow or reddish stripes along the lower part of the side. The underside is yellow to blue-gray with some reddish markings. Some snakes are all black between the stripes. Some have black checkered markings on the sides between the stripes. Some have black checkers and reddish markings between the stripes. They are active during the day.

Size
length 45cm - 105cm

Environment
woodland, grassland, coniferous forest, dunes, brushland, usually near water.

Food
eats amphibians, fish, birds, mice, lizards, snakes, worms, slugs, snails.

Breeding
Live young are born between July and September.

Range
found along the Pacific coast of Oregon and California

Notes
Garter Snakes have toxins in their saliva and the bite can produce mild reaction in humans. They are not considered dangerous to humans, although they excrete a foul smelling musk when handled.

Classification
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata (Serpentes)
Family:Colubridae
Genus:Thamnophis
Species:elegans terrestris
Common Name:Coast Garter Snake


Relatives in same Genus
  Butler's Garter Snake (T. butleri)
  Blackneck Garter Snake (T. cyrtopsis)
  Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (T. elegans)
  Two-Striped Garter Snake (T. hammondii)
  Checkered Garter Snake (T. marcianus marcianus)
  Redstripe Ribbon Snake (T. proximus rubrilineatus)
  Eastern Ribbon Snake (T. sauritus sauritus)
  Northern Ribbon Snake (T. sauritus septentrionalis)
  Common Garter Snake (T. sirtalis)
  Texas Garter Snake (T. sirtalis annectens)
  California Red-Sided Garter Snake (T. sirtalis infernalis)