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North American Reptiles - Colubrid-Snakes

Glossy Snake
Glossy Snake (Arizona elegans)
The Glossy Snake is a small colubrid snake. They have narrow pointed heads and are quite variable in colour and pattern. Color ranges from tan, brown, and gray with spotted patterns. They have smooth and shiny skin. The... Read more >
Trans-Pecos Rat Snake
Trans-Pecos Rat Snake (Bogertophis subocularis)
The Trans-Pecos rat snake is a nocturnal species that is not often seen in the wild except during the breeding season. They are variable in color depending on locality. Red or orange phases are found near Big Bend, grey... Read more >
Scarlet Snake
Scarlet Snake (Cemophora coccinea)
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Buttermilk Racer
Buttermilk Racer (Coluber constrictor anthicus)
The Buttermilk Racer is a thin bodied snake. The body is usually black or gray (sometimes almost green or blue) mottled with white or yellow spots. The amount of white spots is variable and some snakes look white with... Read more >
Eastern Yellow-belly Racer
Eastern Yellow-belly Racer (Coluber constrictor flaviventris)
The Eastern Yellow-belly Racer is a slender snake. It is olive grey-green, with a yellow or whitish underside. There are no markings on the head or back. dorsal markings. The throat and neck are bright yellow and the... Read more >
Blue Racer
Blue Racer (Coluber constrictor foxi)
The Blue Racer is a large gray or blue snake with smooth scales. The head is usually darker than the body with white chin and throat. The underside is pale blue or white. Young racers are gray with darker blotches and... Read more >
Black Racer
Black Racer (Coluber constrictor priapus)
The Black Racer is smooth-scaled and black above with a gray or black underside. The chin and throat have white markings. The belly is grayish to uniform black. It is a slender, fast moving snake, and an excellent... Read more >
Sharptail Snake
Sharptail Snake (Contia tenuis)
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Western Ringneck Snake
Western Ringneck Snake (Diadophis punctatus)
The Western Ringneck Snake is a small, slender snake. The body is olive, brownish, blue-grey or green on top with a yellow or orange neck band. The underside is yellow-orange, becoming coral towards the tail with... Read more >
Northern Ringneck Snake
Northern Ringneck Snake (Diadophis punctatus edwardsii)
The Northern Ringneck Snake is gray to bluish black above with a flat black head. The neck ring and underside color varies from yellowish to reddish. The belly is unmarked or has a row of dark, half-moon-shaped spots... Read more >
Regal Ringneck Snake
Regal Ringneck Snake (Diadophis punctatus regalis)
The Regal Ringneck Snake is usually gray with a white or cream underside. The underside has black speckling the underside of the tail tip is bright red or orange. It has a yellow or orange ring around its neck which is... Read more >
Eastern Indigo Snake
Eastern Indigo Snake (Drymarchon corais couperi)
The Eastern Indigo Snake is a large glossy black snake with iridescent blue highlights. The throat and chin are reddish or white. The underside is dull orange and blue gray. Juveniles are black with narrow whitish blue... Read more >
Texas Indigo Snake
Texas Indigo Snake (Drymarchon corais erebennus)
The Texas Indigo Snake is mainly black with shiny iridescent scales. The underside is gray or may be a salmon pink color. The chin and sides of the head are reddish-brown. The Indigo Snake is active during the day and... Read more >
Speckled Racer
Speckled Racer (Drymobius margaritiferus)
The Speckled Racer is a black snake with distinctive yellow and blue spotting, giving the snake a greenish appearance. The underside is usually yellow to green. Read more >
Western Hognose Snake
Western Hognose Snake (Heterodon nasicus)
The Western Hognose Snake is light brown with dark brown or gray blotches. The underside often has a black and white checkered pattern, sometimes with some orange. They are stocky snakes with an upturned snout which... Read more >
Eastern Hognose Snake
Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)
The Eastern Hognose Snake is variable in color and pattern. The background color can be red, green, orange, brown, grey or black, or combination of shades. The pattern can be blotched, checkered, or solid color with no... Read more >
Night Snake
Night Snake (Hypsiglena torquata)
The Night Snake is pale grey, beige or light brown with pairs of brown blotches down the back. There are usually three large black blotches on the neck. The underside is white or yellow. It has a flat head with a brown... Read more >
Cat-eyed Snake
Cat-eyed Snake (Leptodeira septentrionalis)
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Red Coachwhip
Red Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum piceus)
The Red Coachwhip is a slender snake and is highly variable in color. The back color can be tan, grey, red, or pink with bold black or brown crossbars or blotches. The head and neck have black markings. The underside is... Read more >
Western Coachwhip
Western Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum testaceus)
The Western Coachwhip is variable in color and can be tan, brown, yellow, or pink. They sometimes have slightly darker bands. The snake is slender with a thin tail. The underside is pink. The eyes are large with round... Read more >
Schott's Whipsnake
Schott's Whipsnake (Masticophis schotti schotti)
Schott's Whipsnake is blue-gray (sometimes greenish) with two white lines running along the sides from the back of the head to half way down the body. One stripe is high on the side and the other is just above the... Read more >
Rough Green Snake
Rough Green Snake (Opheodrys aestivus)
The Rough Green Snake is a slender snake that is bright green above and has a yellowish underside. It is an arboreal snake and is often found climbing in low vegetation. It is also frequently seen on the ground and is... Read more >
Smooth Green Snake
Smooth Green Snake (Opheodrys vernalis)
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Mexican Vine Snake
Mexican Vine Snake (Oxybelis aeneus)
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Sonoran Gopher Snake
Sonoran Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer affinis)
The Sonoran Gopher Snake is a large snake with heavily keeled scales. The head is narrow and slightly wider than the neck,. The background color is straw, light brown or tan, with large brown or reddish blotches or... Read more >
Pacific Gopher Snake
Pacific Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer catanifer)
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Great Basin Gopher Snake
Great Basin Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer deserticola)
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Bullsnake (Pituophis catenifer sayi)
Bullsnakes are usually yellow with brown, black or reddish blotches. A number of color variations are found including albinos. They are often mistaken for rattlesnakes, as it resembles the Western Diamondback Rattler... Read more >
Pine Snake
Pine Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus)
The Pine Snake is a strongly built snake with small head. It is yellow, cream or pale brown with black, brown or reddish-brown blotches on the back becoming more widely spaced on the tail. There are smaller blotches on... Read more >
Queen Snake
Queen Snake (Regina septemvittata)
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Pine Woods Snake
Pine Woods Snake (Rhadinaea flavilata)
The Pine Woods Snake is a slender snake, colored yellowish-brown to reddish. The lips are white or yellow. It has a thin dark line through the eye to the corner of the jaw. The underside is white to yellow. Juveniles... Read more >
Long-Nosed Snake
Long-Nosed Snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei)
The Long-Nosed Snake is a slender snake. It is cream with black saddle shaped markings with smaller reddish patches between the black markings. (Some snakes have no red marks). The underside is cream or yellow with no... Read more >
Mountain Patchnose Snake
Mountain Patchnose Snake (Salvadora grahamiae)
The Mountain Patchnose Snake is a long and slender tan or cream colored snake with two wide dark brown or black stripes on the back. The back stripes have straight edges. The centre of the back between the dark stripes... Read more >
Coast Patch-Nosed Snake
Coast Patch-Nosed Snake (Salvadora hexalepis virgultea)
The Coast Patch-Nosed Snake is a slender snake. It has a yellow or beige stripe down the back bordered by dark tan or brown side stripes. The underside is dull white becoming orange towards the tail. It has large, dark... Read more >
Swamp Snake
Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea)
The Swamp Snake is the only species in the Seminatrix genus. There are three subspecies: South Florida Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea cyclas), Carolina Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea paludis), North Florida Swamp Snake... Read more >
Short-tailed Snake
Short-tailed Snake (Stilosoma extenuatum)
The Short-tailed Snake is a slender gray snake with 50-80 dark brown or black blotches down the back. There are also dark spots on the sides that alternate with the spots on the back. There is an orange stripe running... Read more >
Texas Brown Snake
Texas Brown Snake (Storeria dekayi texana)
The Texas Brown Snake is reddish brown with dark brown spots around the eyes. The Texas Brown Snake is variable in color, and can be brown, tan, or brick red. There is a faint lighter stripe down the middle of the back.... Read more >
Redbelly Snake
Redbelly Snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)
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Plains Blackhead Snake
Plains Blackhead Snake (Tantilla nigriceps)
The Plains Blackhead Snake is a slender tan, red-brown or cream colored snake. The head has a dark gray-brown or black cap that narrows to a point at the back of the head. The head is of similar width to the body with... Read more >
Western Blackhead Snake
Western Blackhead Snake (Tantilla planiceps)
The Western Blackhead Snake is a small, slender snake. It is light brown, tan to olive-grey above with a narrow cream or white neck band. The head is flattened and black in color. The underside is orange or coral-red... Read more >
Baja California Lyresnake
Baja California Lyresnake (Trimorphodon biscutatus lyrophanes)
The Baja California Lyre snake has a laterally flattened body and broad head on a slender neck. It has a V-shaped marking on top of the head resembling a lyre. It is light brown or grey above, with brown blotches. The... Read more >
Texas Lyre Snake
Texas Lyre Snake (Trimorphodon biscutatus vilkinsonii)
The Texas Lyre Snake is generally a brown, tan or grey in color with dark brown blotching down the back. They have large eyes with vertical pupils. Their is a distinctive V shaped pattern on their head which resembles... Read more >
Texas Lined Snake
Texas Lined Snake (Tropidoclonion lineatum texanum)
The Texas Lined Snake is olive brown, gray brown or dark brown with a yellow or cream colored stripe down the center of the back. The underside has a double row of crescent shaped markings down the belly. They have a... Read more >
Rough Earth Snake
Rough Earth Snake (Virginia striatula)
The Rough Earth Snake is brown or gray brown, with no pattern above. The underside is light yellow or cream. The head is small with pointed snout, and there may be a faint light ring round the neck. Juveniles are darker... Read more >

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