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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Northern Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen)




Northern Copperhead | Agkistrodon contortrix-mokasen photo
Northern Copperhead

Photograph by Public Health Image Library (PHIL). License: Public Domain.  (view image details)

NORTHERN COPPERHEAD FACTS

Description
The Northern Copperhead has dark chestnut cross bands that are narrower in the center and wider on the sides, giving the bands an hourglass shape. There are often small dark spots between the bands. There are also dark rounded spots at the sides of the belly. The head is a copper-red color. Young snakes are lighter in color with a yellow tail tip and a narrow dark line through the eye.

Size
length 60cm - 90cm

Environment
found amongst leaf litter, logs and branches.

Food
small rodents, ground birds, lizards, large insects, frogs and other small snakes

Breeding
live bearing with litters from three to ten young. The newborn snakes are left to fend for themselves and have fully developed senses and venom.

Range
southern Illinois to northern Mississippi, northern Alabama, northern Georgia, and east to the Appalachian Mountains.

Notes
Bites to humans are very uncommon. Symptoms of bites include intense pain, tingling, throbbing, swelling, and severe nausea. Bite can cause muscle damage. Seek immediate medical attention if bitten.

Classification
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata (Serpentes)
Family:Viperidae
Genus:Agkistrodon
Species:contortrix mokasen
Common Name:Northern Copperhead


Relatives in same Genus
  Common Cantil (A. bilineatus bilineatus)