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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Northern Water Snake (Nerodia sipedon)




Northern Water Snake | Nerodia sipedon photo
Northern Banded Water Snake

Photograph by tlindenbaum / Tim. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Northern Water Snake | Nerodia sipedon photo
Nothern Water Snake

Photograph by Gary M. Stolz, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. License: Public Domain.  (view image details)

Northern Water Snake | Nerodia sipedon photo
Northern Banded Water Snake

Photograph by tlindenbaum / Tim. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

NORTHERN WATER SNAKE FACTS

Description
The Northern Water Snake is brown, tan or gray with alternating square blotches that may merge to form bands. Adult snakes can appear solid brown or black with age. The underside is usually white, yellow, or orange with dark half-moon-shaped black edges. Juveniles are tan, brown or gray with reddish brown saddles. The neck has dark crossbands. They are active during the day and at night.

Size
length to 120cm

Environment
rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, bogs, marshes. They prefer open areas and slow moving waters. They are most often seen basking on rocks or stumps. They sometimes hide among the sticks of Muskrat houses and Beaver lodges.

Food
small fish, frogs, worms, leeches, crayfish, salamanders, small birds and mammals.

Breeding
Northern Water Snakes are live-bearers. Up to 30 young are born between August and October. Young are 15cm - 30cm long when born.

Range
Northern water snakes are found in southern Ontario and the north eastern United States from Nebraska and Kansas in the west to the Atlantic coast.

Notes
The Northern Water Snake is non-venomous and harmless.

Classification
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata (Serpentes)
Family:Colubridae
Genus:Nerodia
Species:sipedon
Common Name:Northern Water Snake


Relatives in same Genus
  Mangrove Salt Marsh Snake (N. clarkii compressicauda)
  Atlantic Salt Marsh Snake (N. clarkii taeniata)
  Redbelly Water Snake (N. erythrogaster erythrogaster.)
  Banded Water Snake (N. fasciata fasciata)
  Florida Banded Water Snake (N. fasciata pictiventris)
  Diamondback Water Snake (N. rhombifer)