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 Southern Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix)




Southern Copperhead | Agkistrodon contortrix-contortrix photo
Copperhead

Photograph by Clinton & Charles Robertson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Southern Copperhead | Agkistrodon contortrix-contortrix photo
Copperhead

Photograph by Clinton & Charles Robertson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

SOUTHERN COPPERHEAD FACTS

Description
The Southern Copperhead is a moderate sized snake with thick, heavy banded body. Adults have a copper colored head and neck. The body is pale brown to light tan with a pinkish tint, patterned with dark, hour glass-shaped bands, wider at the base and narrow across the back. The eyes are yellow with elliptical pupils. The body is covered with rough scales.

Size
length 60cm - 70cm

Environment
found in mixed pasture or wooded lowlands, amongst leaf litter, logs and branches. Sometimes found in wooded suburbs

Food
small rodents, young rabbits, ground birds, lizards, large insects, frogs and other small snakes

Breeding
live bearing with litters from three to ten young. The newborn snakes are left to fend for themselves and have fully developed senses and venom.

Range
found in east Texas, the lower Mississippi Valley, states bordering the Gulf of Mexico, the Florida panhandle to South Carolina.

Notes
Bites to humans are very uncommon. Symptoms of bites include intense pain, tingling, throbbing, swelling, and severe nausea. Bite can cause muscle damage. Seek immediate medical attention if bitten.

Classification
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata (Serpentes)
Family:Viperidae
Genus:Agkistrodon
Species:contortrix contortrix
Common Name:Southern Copperhead


Relatives in same Genus
  Common Cantil (A. bilineatus bilineatus)
  Ornate Cantil (A. bilineatus taylori)
  Broad-banded Copperhead (A. contortrix laticinctus)
  Northern Copperhead (A. contortrix mokasen)
  Osage Copperhead (A. contortrix phaeogaster)
  Trans-pecos Copperhead (A. contortrix pictigaster)
  Florida Cottonmouth (A. piscivorus conanti)
  Western Cottonmouth (A. piscivorus leucostoma)
  Eastern Cottonmouth (A. piscivorus piscivorus)