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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
White-tailed Deer at edge of a saltwater marsh
Photograph by Tom McCarthy (cruadinx). Some rights reserved. (view image details)
White-tailed deer near Tunnel Mountain, Banff
Photograph by James Anderson. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
Stag crossing creek at Rock Creek Park
Photograph by Greg Mano. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
White-tailed Deer fawn beside creek near Colfax, Illinois
Photograph by T Lindenbaum. Some rights reserved. (view image details)
WHITE-TAILED DEER FACTSDescription
The White-tailed deer is greyish in winter and reddish in summer. It has a band of white fur behind the nose and around the eyes, chin and throat. The insides of legs are white. White-tailed deer have scent glands on their hooves, and also on hind legs. Only the males have antlers which are shed in late winter and grow again in April or May. Fawns have white spots at birth, and these disappear by their first winter.
Length 1.5m - 2m. Height at shoulder 80 - 100cm.
Forest, grassland, swamps, farmlands, brushy areas and deserts of southern Texas and Mexico.
leaves, buds and twigs of shrubs and trees. In desert areas, plants such as yucca, prickly pear cactus and various tough shrubs are eaten. They feed on conifers in winter when other food is scarce.
Usually two fawns are born in a litter (occasionally 3 or 4). They weight between 1.5 and 2.5kg at birth. Fawns are able to walk at birth and can feed on vegetation after a few days. They are weaned at about 6 weeks.
Southern Canada and all of the mainland United States except two or three states in the west. Also throughout Central America to Bolivia.
Relatives in same Genus
Mule Deer (O. hemionus)