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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects
Short-tailed Snake (Stilosoma extenuatum)
Photograph by Charles R. Smith, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. License: Public Domain. (view image details)
SHORT-TAILED SNAKE FACTSDescription
The Short-tailed Snake is a slender gray snake with 50-80 dark brown or black blotches down the back. There are also dark spots on the sides that alternate with the spots on the back. There is an orange stripe running along the centre of the back in between the dark blotches. The underside is white with dark blotches. The head is small and blunt, and colored dark brown or black on top. The tail is short, as the common name suggests (about 10% of total length).
length 35cm - 50cm. Can grow to 65cm.
upland woodlands, pine scrub, coastal woodlands. Prefers sandy soils. It is a burrowing snake and rarely seen above ground.
eats mainly snakes (especially Florida crowned snake - Tantilla relicta). May also eat small lizards.
lays eggs - probably underground
only found in northern and central Florida
The Short-tailed Snake is rare and listed as "threatened" by the State of Florida.
The conservation status in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals is "near threatened".