Wildlife North America . com
North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

 Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)




Timber Rattlesnake | Crotalus horridus photo
Canebreak Rattlesnake

Photograph by LA Dawson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Timber Rattlesnake | Crotalus horridus photo
Canebreak Rattlesnake

Photograph by LA Dawson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Timber Rattlesnake | Crotalus horridus photo
Canebreak Rattlesnake

Photograph by Edward McCrea, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. License: Public Domain.  (view image details)

Timber Rattlesnake | Crotalus horridus photo
Timber Rattlesnake

Photograph by Tad Arensmeier. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

TIMBER RATTLESNAKE FACTS

Description
The Timber Rattlesnake is a large venomous snake with a triangular head. The tail is black with no tail rings, and tipped with a rattle. There are two different color variations. One form is gray with black patterns; another form is tan with brown patches tinged with yellow. They sometimes have a yellow or brown or reddish stripe down the back. There is a dark stripe running from the eye to the jaw.

Other Names
Canebreak Rattlesnake

Size
length 90cm - 150cm. Males grow larger than females.

Environment
deciduous forests, forested rocky hills, swampy areas. They hibernate in rock crevices or amongst piles of boulders.

Food
small mammals, also frogs and birds

Breeding
gives birth to litter of 7 - 13 live young during late August and early September

Range
Found in the eastern United States from southern Minnesota and southern Maine, south to east Texas and north Florida.

Notes
The Timber Rattlesnake is one of the most dangerous snakes in North America. It is a large snake with long fangs and high venom yield. Fortunately it is not an aggressive snake. Seek immediate medical attention if bitten.

Classification
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata (Serpentes)
Family:Viperidae
Genus:Crotalus
Species:horridus
Common Name:Timber Rattlesnake


Relatives in same Genus
  Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (C. adamanteus)
  Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (C. atrox)
  Sidewinder (C. cerastes)
  Baja California Rattlesnake (C. enyo)
  Banded Rock Rattlesnake (C. lepidus klauberi)
  Rock Rattlesnake (C. lepidus lepidus)
  Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (C. mitchellii pyrrhus)
  Blacktail Rattlesnake (C. molossus molossus)
  Southern Pacific Rattlesnake (C. oreganus helleri)
  Great Basin Rattlesnake (C. oreganus lutosus)
  Northern Pacific Rattlenake (C. oreganus oreganus)
  Twin-spotted Rattlesnake (C. pricei)
  Red Diamond Rattlesnake (C. ruber)
  Mojave Rattlesnake (C. scutulatus)
  Tiger Rattlesnake (C. tigris)
  Hopi Rattlesnake (C. viridis nuntius)
  Arizona Ridgenose Rattlesnake (C. willardi willardi)