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North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

North American Reptiles - Colubrid-Snakes



Glossy Snake
(Arizona elegans)
Glossy Snake
The Glossy Snake is a small colubrid snake. They have narrow pointed heads and are quite variable in colour and pattern. Color ranges from tan, brown, and gray with spotted patterns. They have smooth and shiny skin. The underside is white or cream... Read more >
Trans-Pecos Rat Snake
(Bogertophis subocularis)
Trans-Pecos Rat Snake
The Trans-Pecos rat snake is a nocturnal species that is not often seen in the wild except during the breeding season. They are variable in color depending on locality. Red or orange phases are found near Big Bend, grey phases are found in the... Read more >
Scarlet Snake
(Cemophora coccinea)
Scarlet Snake
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Buttermilk Racer
(Coluber constrictor anthicus)
Buttermilk Racer
The Buttermilk Racer is a thin bodied snake. The body is usually black or gray (sometimes almost green or blue) mottled with white or yellow spots. The amount of white spots is variable and some snakes look white with gray spots. The underside is... Read more >
Eastern Yellow-belly Racer
(Coluber constrictor flaviventris)
Eastern Yellow-belly Racer
The Eastern Yellow-belly Racer is a slender snake. It is olive grey-green, with a yellow or whitish underside. There are no markings on the head or back. dorsal markings. The throat and neck are bright yellow and the chin and lips are yellow or... Read more >
Blue Racer
(Coluber constrictor foxi)
Blue Racer
The Blue Racer is a large gray or blue snake with smooth scales. The head is usually darker than the body with white chin and throat. The underside is pale blue or white. Young racers are gray with darker blotches and spots. Read more >
Black Racer
(Coluber constrictor priapus)
Black Racer
The Black Racer is smooth-scaled and black above with a gray or black underside. The chin and throat have white markings. The belly is grayish to uniform black. It is a slender, fast moving snake, and an excellent swimmer and climber. Juveniles are... Read more >
Sharptail Snake
(Contia tenuis)
Sharptail Snake
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Western Ringneck Snake
(Diadophis punctatus)
Western Ringneck Snake
The Western Ringneck Snake is a small, slender snake. The body is olive, brownish, blue-grey or green on top with a yellow or orange neck band. The underside is yellow-orange, becoming coral towards the tail with conspicuous black spots often... Read more >
Northern Ringneck Snake
(Diadophis punctatus edwardsii)
Northern Ringneck Snake
The Northern Ringneck Snake is gray to bluish black above with a flat black head. The neck ring and underside color varies from yellowish to reddish. The belly is unmarked or has a row of dark, half-moon-shaped spots along its length. The juvenile... Read more >
Regal Ringneck Snake
(Diadophis punctatus regalis)
Regal Ringneck Snake
The Regal Ringneck Snake is usually gray with a white or cream underside. The underside has black speckling the underside of the tail tip is bright red or orange. It has a yellow or orange ring around its neck which is usually bordered with black.... Read more >
Eastern Indigo Snake
(Drymarchon corais couperi)
Eastern Indigo Snake
The Eastern Indigo Snake is a large glossy black snake with iridescent blue highlights. The throat and chin are reddish or white. The underside is dull orange and blue gray. Juveniles are black with narrow whitish blue bands. Read more >
Texas Indigo Snake
(Drymarchon corais erebennus)
Texas Indigo Snake
The Texas Indigo Snake is mainly black with shiny iridescent scales. The underside is gray or may be a salmon pink color. The chin and sides of the head are reddish-brown. The Indigo Snake is active during the day and forages for anything small... Read more >
Speckled Racer
(Drymobius margaritiferus)
Speckled Racer
The Speckled Racer is a black snake with distinctive yellow and blue spotting, giving the snake a greenish appearance. The underside is usually yellow to green. Read more >
Western Hognose Snake
(Heterodon nasicus)
Western Hognose Snake
The Western Hognose Snake is light brown with dark brown or gray blotches. The underside often has a black and white checkered pattern, sometimes with some orange. They are stocky snakes with an upturned snout which they use for digging in the soil. Read more >
Eastern Hognose Snake
(Heterodon platirhinos)
Eastern Hognose Snake
The Eastern Hognose Snake is variable in color and pattern. The background color can be red, green, orange, brown, grey or black, or combination of shades. The pattern can be blotched, checkered, or solid color with no pattern. The underside is... Read more >
Night Snake
(Hypsiglena torquata)
Night Snake
The Night Snake is pale grey, beige or light brown with pairs of brown blotches down the back. There are usually three large black blotches on the neck. The underside is white or yellow. It has a flat head with a brown bar behind eyes and white... Read more >
Cat-eyed Snake
(Leptodeira septentrionalis)
Cat-eyed Snake
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Red Coachwhip
(Masticophis flagellum piceus)
Red Coachwhip
The Red Coachwhip is a slender snake and is highly variable in color. The back color can be tan, grey, red, or pink with bold black or brown crossbars or blotches. The head and neck have black markings. The underside is pink. The eyes are large with... Read more >
Western Coachwhip
(Masticophis flagellum testaceus)
Western Coachwhip
The Western Coachwhip is variable in color and can be tan, brown, yellow, or pink. They sometimes have slightly darker bands. The snake is slender with a thin tail. The underside is pink. The eyes are large with round pupils. Read more >
Schott's Whipsnake
(Masticophis schotti schotti)
Schott's Whipsnake
Schott's Whipsnake is blue-gray (sometimes greenish) with two white lines running along the sides from the back of the head to half way down the body. One stripe is high on the side and the other is just above the belly. It is a diurnal snake that... Read more >
Rough Green Snake
(Opheodrys aestivus)
Rough Green Snake
The Rough Green Snake is a slender snake that is bright green above and has a yellowish underside. It is an arboreal snake and is often found climbing in low vegetation. It is also frequently seen on the ground and is also a good swimmer. It is... Read more >
Smooth Green Snake
(Opheodrys vernalis)
Smooth Green Snake
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Mexican Vine Snake
(Oxybelis aeneus)
Mexican Vine Snake
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Sonoran Gopher Snake
(Pituophis catenifer affinis)
Sonoran Gopher Snake
The Sonoran Gopher Snake is a large snake with heavily keeled scales. The head is narrow and slightly wider than the neck,. The background color is straw, light brown or tan, with large brown or reddish blotches or saddles along the back and smaller... Read more >
Pacific Gopher Snake
(Pituophis catenifer catanifer)
Pacific Gopher Snake
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Great Basin Gopher Snake
(Pituophis catenifer deserticola)
Great Basin Gopher Snake
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Bullsnake
(Pituophis catenifer sayi)
Bullsnake
Bullsnakes are usually yellow with brown, black or reddish blotches. A number of color variations are found including albinos. They are often mistaken for rattlesnakes, as it resembles the Western Diamondback Rattler (Crotalus atrox ), which is also... Read more >
Pine Snake
(Pituophis melanoleucus)
Pine Snake
The Pine Snake is a strongly built snake with small head. It is yellow, cream or pale brown with black, brown or reddish-brown blotches on the back becoming more widely spaced on the tail. There are smaller blotches on the sides. The underside is... Read more >
Queen Snake
(Regina septemvittata)
Queen Snake
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Pine Woods Snake
(Rhadinaea flavilata)
Pine Woods Snake
The Pine Woods Snake is a slender snake, colored yellowish-brown to reddish. The lips are white or yellow. It has a thin dark line through the eye to the corner of the jaw. The underside is white to yellow. Juveniles are similar to adults. The Pine... Read more >
Long-Nosed Snake
(Rhinocheilus lecontei)
Long-Nosed Snake
The Long-Nosed Snake is a slender snake. It is cream with black saddle shaped markings with smaller reddish patches between the black markings. (Some snakes have no red marks). The underside is cream or yellow with no markings. The head is cream... Read more >
Mountain Patchnose Snake
(Salvadora grahamiae)
Mountain Patchnose Snake
The Mountain Patchnose Snake is a long and slender tan or cream colored snake with two wide dark brown or black stripes on the back. The back stripes have straight edges. The centre of the back between the dark stripes is tan or cream. The sides are... Read more >
Coast Patch-Nosed Snake
(Salvadora hexalepis virgultea)
Coast Patch-Nosed Snake
The Coast Patch-Nosed Snake is a slender snake. It has a yellow or beige stripe down the back bordered by dark tan or brown side stripes. The underside is dull white becoming orange towards the tail. It has large, dark eyes with round pupils.... Read more >
Swamp Snake
(Seminatrix pygaea)
Swamp Snake
The Swamp Snake is the only species in the Seminatrix genus. There are three subspecies: South Florida Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea cyclas), Carolina Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea paludis), North Florida Swamp Snake (Seminatrix pygaea pygaea).... Read more >
Short-tailed Snake
(Stilosoma extenuatum)
Short-tailed Snake
The Short-tailed Snake is a slender gray snake with 50-80 dark brown or black blotches down the back. There are also dark spots on the sides that alternate with the spots on the back. There is an orange stripe running along the centre of the back in... Read more >
Texas Brown Snake
(Storeria dekayi texana)
Texas Brown Snake
The Texas Brown Snake is reddish brown with dark brown spots around the eyes. The Texas Brown Snake is variable in color, and can be brown, tan, or brick red. There is a faint lighter stripe down the middle of the back. The top of the head is... Read more >
Redbelly Snake
(Storeria occipitomaculata)
Redbelly Snake
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Plains Blackhead Snake
(Tantilla nigriceps)
Plains Blackhead Snake
The Plains Blackhead Snake is a slender tan, red-brown or cream colored snake. The head has a dark gray-brown or black cap that narrows to a point at the back of the head. The head is of similar width to the body with no distinct neck. The underside... Read more >
Western Blackhead Snake
(Tantilla planiceps)
Western Blackhead Snake
The Western Blackhead Snake is a small, slender snake. It is light brown, tan to olive-grey above with a narrow cream or white neck band. The head is flattened and black in color. The underside is orange or coral-red edged with white. Juveniles are... Read more >
Baja California Lyresnake
(Trimorphodon biscutatus lyrophanes)
Baja California Lyresnake
The Baja California Lyre snake has a laterally flattened body and broad head on a slender neck. It has a V-shaped marking on top of the head resembling a lyre. It is light brown or grey above, with brown blotches. The blotches are roughly hexagonal... Read more >
Texas Lyre Snake
(Trimorphodon biscutatus vilkinsonii)
Texas Lyre Snake
The Texas Lyre Snake is generally a brown, tan or grey in color with dark brown blotching down the back. They have large eyes with vertical pupils. Their is a distinctive V shaped pattern on their head which resembles the shape of a lyre. Lyre... Read more >
Texas Lined Snake
(Tropidoclonion lineatum texanum)
Texas Lined Snake
The Texas Lined Snake is olive brown, gray brown or dark brown with a yellow or cream colored stripe down the center of the back. The underside has a double row of crescent shaped markings down the belly. They have a small head and small eyes. It is... Read more >
Rough Earth Snake
(Virginia striatula)
Rough Earth Snake
The Rough Earth Snake is brown or gray brown, with no pattern above. The underside is light yellow or cream. The head is small with pointed snout, and there may be a faint light ring round the neck. Juveniles are darker than adults and have a white... Read more >