Wildlife North America . com
North American Animals - mamals, birds, reptiles, insects

North American Reptiles - Rattlesnakes



Common Cantil
(Agkistrodon bilineatus bilineatus)
Common Cantil
The Common Cantil is a heavy bodied snake with a broad, triangular head and small eyes with vertical pupils. They are usually brown or black, with darker brown or black banding, sometimes with white or cream colored highlights. They are not as... Read more >
Ornate Cantil
(Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori)
Ornate Cantil
The Ornate Cantil has a heavy body and relatively long tail. The broad triangular head has small eyes with vertical pupils. The body is brown or black and often has distinct tan colored banding, with orange or yellow highlights. They are more... Read more >
Southern Copperhead
(Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix)
Southern Copperhead
The Southern Copperhead is a moderate sized snake with thick, heavy banded body. Adults have a copper colored head and neck. The body is pale brown to light tan with a pinkish tint, patterned with dark, hour glass-shaped bands, wider at the base and... Read more >
Broad-banded Copperhead
(Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus)
Broad-banded Copperhead
The Broad-banded Copperhead is light tan with broad reddish-brown or copper bands with a very thin white border. The number of bands varies from 10 to 17. It has a large head and hinged fangs that spring out when striking at prey or in defence.... Read more >
Northern Copperhead
(Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen)
Northern Copperhead
The Northern Copperhead has dark chestnut cross bands that are narrower in the center and wider on the sides, giving the bands an hourglass shape. There are often small dark spots between the bands. There are also dark rounded spots at the sides of... Read more >
Osage Copperhead
(Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster)
Osage Copperhead
The Osage Copperhead has dark chestnut cross bands that are narrower in the center and wider on the sides, giving the bands an hourglass shape. There are also dark rounded spots at the sides of the belly. The head is a copper-red color. Young snakes... Read more >
Trans-pecos Copperhead
(Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster)
Trans-pecos Copperhead
The Trans-pecos Copperhead is light tan with brown wide cross bands. The band color varies from red-brown to gray-brown depending on locality. It is similar to A. contortrix laticinctus, the Broad-banded Copperhead. The main difference is that the... Read more >
Florida Cottonmouth
(Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti)
Florida Cottonmouth
The Florida Cottonmouth is similar in pattern to A. p. piscivorus but has dark brown cheek stripe bordered above and below by narrow light lines. It has two dark stripes at the front of the lower jaw, and two dark vertical stripes at the tip of the... Read more >
Western Cottonmouth
(Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma)
Western Cottonmouth
The Western Cottonmouth is the smallest of the three subspecies of Cottonmouth. It is similar to the Eastern Cottonmouth, A. p. piscivorus and the Florida Cottonmouth, A. p. conanti, except that they tend to become darker at a younger age. It does... Read more >
Eastern Cottonmouth
(Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus)
Eastern Cottonmouth
The Eastern Cottonmouth is the largest species of the genus Agkistrodon. The head is broad and distinct from the neck. The snout is broad. The body has a heavy build and the tail that is fairly long and slender. The background color is brown, gray,... Read more >
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
(Crotalus adamanteus)
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
The Eastern Diamondback is a large dangerous snake - the venom can kill humans. The mortality rate from a full bite is about 40 percent. This rattlesnake is a bulky snake with a large head. There is a row of large dark diamond shapes with brown... Read more >
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
(Crotalus atrox)
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake has a gray-brown, pinkish brown, brick red or yellowish, base color with a series of about 24 dark gray-brown or brown blotches. The first few blotches may be more rectangular, further down have a distinctive... Read more >
Sidewinder
(Crotalus cerastes)
Sidewinder
The Sidewinder is cream, buff, yellowish brown, pink or pale gray with 28 - 47 blotches on the back. The blotches are roughly rhombus shaped or oval shaped. The underside is white. The Sidewinder moves over loose sand by throwing loops of the body... Read more >
Baja California Rattlesnake
(Crotalus enyo)
Baja California Rattlesnake
The Baja California Rattlesnake is a medium sized rattlesnake. It has a relatively small head with a stripe behind the eye. The color varies from tan to dark brown, grayish brown to silvery gray. Snakes in the southern part of the range tend to be... Read more >
Timber Rattlesnake
(Crotalus horridus)
Timber Rattlesnake
The Timber Rattlesnake is a large venomous snake with a triangular head. The tail is black with no tail rings, and tipped with a rattle. There are two different color variations. One form is gray with black patterns; another form is tan with brown... Read more >
Banded Rock Rattlesnake
(Crotalus lepidus klauberi)
Banded Rock Rattlesnake
The Banded Rock Rattlesnake is light grey with darker grey banding that varies greatly from habitat to habitat. The ground color may even be green or purplish in some areas. Snakes from the Franklin Mountain range in Texas are pearl silver with... Read more >
Rock Rattlesnake
(Crotalus lepidus lepidus)
Rock Rattlesnake
The Rock Rattlesnake has a large, rounded head, and stocky body. The eyes that have vertical pupils. The color pattern is variable and generally matches the color of the rock in their natural environment. Snakes found near limestone areas are... Read more >
Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake
(Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhus)
Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake
The Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake varies in color from white to dark grey or shades of pink or orange. It has dark diffused bands on the back. The scales are keeled scales. The head is large. It has salt-and-pepper speckles over the back. The... Read more >
Blacktail Rattlesnake
(Crotalus molossus molossus)
Blacktail Rattlesnake
The Blacktail Rattlesnake is variable in color and can be olive green, yellow, brown or black. The tail is always black irrespective of body color. They often have a black band across the eyes and down to the corners of their mouth forming a mask.... Read more >
Southern Pacific Rattlesnake
(Crotalus oreganus helleri)
Southern Pacific Rattlesnake
The Southern Pacific Rattlesnake has grey, olive, or brown background color with light-edged, darker diamonds on the back. The sides have angular light-edged blotches. There is a light stripe from corner of mouth to eye. The tail has dark tail... Read more >
Great Basin Rattlesnake
(Crotalus oreganus lutosus)
Great Basin Rattlesnake
The Great Basin Rattlesnake is a heavy-bodied, venomous snake with a thin neck and a large triangular head. It is buff, pale gray, pale brown, olive brown or yellowish brown ground color, with a series of 32-49 blotches on the back. The blotches are... Read more >
Northern Pacific Rattlenake
(Crotalus oreganus oreganus)
Northern Pacific Rattlenake
The Northern Pacific Rattlesnake is typically dark brown, dark gray (sometimes black or pale yellow,) overlaid with large dark blotches with uneven white edges on the back. The blotches are wider than the spaces between. There are blotches on the... Read more >
Twin-spotted Rattlesnake
(Crotalus pricei)
Twin-spotted Rattlesnake
The Twin-spotted Rattlesnake is gray, blue gray, brownish gray, reddish brown, and usually has fine brown speckling. The base color is overlaid with small dark blotches that are arranged in pairs down the back, forming a row on either side of the... Read more >
Red Diamond Rattlesnake
(Crotalus ruber)
Red Diamond Rattlesnake
The Red Diamond Rattlesnake is an impressive snake. It is a reddish or tan color with a light edged diamond pattern on its back. Some specimens are a brick red color. It has a distinctive black and white ringed tail. The young are gray, and become... Read more >
Mojave Rattlesnake
(Crotalus scutulatus)
Mojave Rattlesnake
The Mojave Rattlesnake varies from brown to pale green depending on the surroundings. It has a dark diamond pattern along its back similar to the Western Diamondback rattlesnake (C. atrox). The Mojave Rattlesnake has a banded tail with the white... Read more >
Tiger Rattlesnake
(Crotalus tigris)
Tiger Rattlesnake
The Tiger Rattlesnake is a relatively small species of rattlesnake, with a small head and large rattle. It has a gray, blue-gray, pink or buff background color becoming pink, pale orange or cream on the sides. It has 35 - 52 dark gray or brown... Read more >
Hopi Rattlesnake
(Crotalus viridis nuntius)
Hopi Rattlesnake
The Hopi Rattlesnake is the smallest subspecies of C. viridis. The color is variable and may be pink, gray or orange-brown in color, matching the soil and rock color of their natural range. The back has darker brown blotches. The eyes have vertical... Read more >
Arizona Ridgenose Rattlesnake
(Crotalus willardi willardi)
Arizona Ridgenose Rattlesnake
Read more >
Desert Massasauga, Buzztail
(Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii)
Desert Massasauga, Buzztail
The Desert Massasauga is a small rattlesnake with a light gray or white base color, with dark gray or gray brown blotches. There is a dark stripe along the side of the head passing over the eye. The rattles are quite high pitched compared with some... Read more >
Western Massasauga
(Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus)
Western Massasauga
The Western Massasauga has tan-gray or light gray background color with dark brown blotches. The underside is light with some dark markings. The head has a dark broad stripe along each side. They have a high pitches rattle sound, giving them the... Read more >
Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake
(Sistrurus miliarius barbouri)
Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake
The Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake is a thick snake with a triangular shaped head. The body is light to dark gray with a row of black or dark gray blotches along a reddish brown stripe down the middle of the back. There are dark spots on the sides in line... Read more >
Carolina Pigmy Rattlesnake
(Sistrurus miliarius miliarius)
Carolina Pigmy Rattlesnake
The Carolina Pigmy Rattlesnake is light gray, dark gray or reddish brown with a series of dark oval spots running down a reddish brown or orange brown stripe on the back. The spots have fairly regular edges. It has round spots on the sides that line... Read more >
Western Pigmy Rattlesnake
(Sistrurus miliarius streckeri)
Western Pigmy Rattlesnake
The Western Pigmy Rattlesnake is gray with a reddish stripe down the backbone and a series of irregular blotches along the back. These blotches are wider than they are long. There are one or two series of spots along the sides, the upper series of... Read more >